YEREVAN: Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan called on Saturday (Nov 21) for greater military cooperation with Russia, a day after Azerbaijani troops began moving into disputed territory previously held by Armenian separatist forces.
“We hope we can reinforce cooperation with Russia not only in the security sector but also military and technical cooperation,” he said, according to his press service.
“Of course, there were hard times before the war, but the situation today is even more difficult.”
Pashinyan was speaking during a meeting in Yerevan with Russian Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu, after Azerbaijani troops on Friday moved into the Aghdam district bordering Nagorno-Karabakh.
Armenia and Azerbaijan agreed a Russian-brokered ceasefire on Nov 9 after six weeks of fighting over the self-proclaimed republic. Under the agreement, Azerbaijan will regain control of three districts that have been controlled by the separatists since the 1990s.
Around 2,000 Russian peacekeepers have deployed in the disputed territory of Nagorno-Karabakh under the terms of the deal and Shoigu said on Saturday the troops had secured the return of 7,000 refugees back into the disputed territory who were displaced during the recent fighting.
“For us, the main thing is to prevent bloodshed,” Shoigu said on Saturday. He was part of a major Russian delegation in Yerevan that also included Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov.
Lavrov described the visit as a signal of Russia’s “support” for Armenian authorities, who have come under growing pressure from the opposition for ceding disputed territory to Azerbaijan.
“SOCIAL, MORAL AND ECONOMIC CRISIS”
Armenia replaced its defence minister on Friday in an effort to placate demonstrators that stormed government buildings after the deal was announced and have taken to the streets almost daily since.
Yet Lavrov said that “attempts to question this agreement both domestically and internationally are unacceptable.”
Several thousand people gathered again in Yerevan on Saturday to voice their opposition to the deal and demand Pashinyan’s resignation.
The prime minister was responsible for “a crisis of dignity in our society, a social, moral and economic crisis,” former rights ombudsman in Nagorno-Karabakh Ruben Melkonyan said at the rally.
“Only after Pashinyan leaves can we find our dignity again and get back on our feet,” he added.
Separatists in Nagorno-Karabakh and several surrounding districts had captured the territory and claimed independence following a post-Soviet 1990s war that left around 30,000 dead.
Their claim was not recognised internationally, however, even by Armenia.
As part of the peace accord, Armenia agreed to return 15 to 20 per cent of Nagorno-Karabakh territory captured by Azerbaijan in recent fighting, including the historic town of Shusha.
Opposition figures have denounced Pashinyan as a traitor for having agreed to what they see as the humiliating terms of the deal, but while he has sacked defence and foreign ministers, he has refused calls to step down.